Death penalty (execution not carried out)
Illicit involvement with foreign countries, conspiracy to defect
Socializing with students from France, expressing interest in studying Western Art History in France
Zhang Langlang, a student at the Central Academy of Arts and Crafts in Beijing, founded a poetry salon called "The Sun Column" in 1962.
He was arrested in 1968 and sentenced to death. Although his execution was approved twice, shortly before he was scheduled to be executed, Premier Zhou Enlai said to “keep him alive for more information.” Zhang’s execution was henceforth not carried out.
On December 31, 1977, the authorities released Zhang, citing “insufficient evidence ” as the reason.